Towards Automated 3D Reconstruction of Defective Cultural Heritage Objects
|Title||Towards Automated 3D Reconstruction of Defective Cultural Heritage Objects|
|Publication Type||Conference Proceedings|
|Year of Conference||2014|
|Authors||Gregor, R, Sipiran, I, Papaioannou, G, Schreck, T, Andreadis, A, Mavridis, P|
|Conference Name||Eurographics Workshop on Graphics and Cultural Heritage|
Due to recent improvements in 3D acquisition and shape processing technology, the digitization of Cultural Heritage (CH) artifacts is gaining increased application in context of archival and archaeological research. This increasing availability of acquisition technologies also implies a need for intelligent processing methods that can cope with imperfect object scans. Specifically for Cultural Heritage objects, besides imperfections given by the digitization process, also the original artifact objects may be imperfect due to deterioration or fragmentation processes. Currently, the reconstruction of previously digitized CH artifacts is mostly performed manually by expert users reassembling fragment parts and completing imperfect objects by modeling. However, more automatic methods for CH object repair and completion are needed to cope with increasingly large data becoming available. In this conceptual paper, we first provide a brief survey of typical imperfections in CH artifact scan data and in turn motivate the need for respective repair methods. We survey and classify a selection of existing reconstruction methods with respect to their applicability for CH objects, and then discuss how these approaches can be extended and combined to address various types of physical defects that are encountered in CH artifacts by proposing a flexible repair workflow for 3D digitizations of CH objects. The workflow accommodates an automatic reassembly step which can deal with fragmented input data. It also includes the similarity-based retrieval of appropriate complementary object data which is used to repair local and global object defects. Finally, we discuss options for evaluation of the effectiveness of such a CH repair workflow.